Urgent Revival of Continuous Assessment Learning Activities (CALA): An Unwelcome Waste of Limited Learning Time


In March 2021, the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education, MoPSE announced the urgent revival of the continuous assessment framework for 2021 candidates. The framework will be implemented for grade 7 , form 4 and Upper 6, 2021 candidates. The program is part of the 2015 adopted new curriculum but had been shelved because of lack of resources among other challenges.

Continuous Assessment, CA is a revolution from the traditional knowledge based final examination model to a competency based exit profile evaluation. CA gives a holistic evaluation of a learner’s profile including an assessment of skills and values among others. This is a big shift from the final examination model which mainly evaluates the knowledge bank of the learner after completing a course.

The framework serves us better on preparing learners for the competitive labour market and makes our learners potential solution holders to the multiple contextual challenges faced by the world.

It is clear that the CA framework has the potential of addressing an identified problem. The policy framework can bring better returns compared to the old examination policy, however policies are not implemented in a vacuum. Systems should be put in place to ensure the smooth implementation of policies. A good policy if poorly implemented may produce far worse results than a well implemented bad policy.

In the quest of dumping knowledge evaluation of a learner for the holistic evaluation of learner exit profile, we might end up failing to achieve both. At the end of the day, the outcome of the evaluation process will not be reflective of the genuine exit profile of the learner.

The hurried implementation

It is common knowledge that both the Ordinary level and Advanced level courses are 2 year courses. During the duration of the two year courses learners interact with multiple areas of study within a single learning area. Teachers have the liberty to tackle topics in order of choice. The new curriculum is spiral in nature allowing educators to build on concepts in a logical Bloom’s taxonomy, assisting learners to;

  • Remember
  • Understand
  • Apply
  • Analyse
  • Evaluate
  • Create; in that order.

It is unfortunate that learners have already applied their knowledge in the first year of the 2 year course but the CA framework wants to evaluate the application in the final year.In this context the CA framework becomes more of a disruption than an evaluation tool. Teachers plan for a 2 year course with clear objectives in mind. Time frames are set on which areas have to be covered by what time. In this context of CA disruptions, the teacher’s solid plan is shredded to pieces. Teachers maybe forced to revisit a level of learning that was completed in the first learning year. Syllabus coverage will be in jeopardy. As we urgently pursue quality evaluation we risk failing to impart the skills and knowledge to the learners and produce half backed graduates.

It is our measured view that continuous assessment should begin in the first year of the 2 year course. We should have implemented for the current form 3, form 5 and the grade 4s.

Teacher preparedness

Teacher capacity building should have been prioritised ahead of the implementation of CA framework. We note attempts to hurriedly train teachers, including forcing them to be trained during public holidays. We took a keen interest in the ongoing trainings. A series of interviews were conducted with teachers. The whole process is a sham. The capacity of the teachers is not being enhanced, the facilitators are just ticking the box. One teacher described the training program as a “ bushgate scandal.” The teacher alleges that the facilitators are more concerned with getting the “bush allowance” than delivering any service. The trainings are another disruption to learning and again syllabus coverage is being jeopardised.

Outside the knowledge and skills capacity of teachers, there is another pressing issue of teacher incapacitation with respect to material resources for individual welfare support. The teachers have been reduced to paupers because of underpayment. These paupers are now expected to fairly evaluate learner performance. We do hereby correctly predict that the majority of marks to be awarded to learners will be fake. The teachers do not have both the capacity and the motivation to properly evaluate learner performance.

Availability of adequate teaching and learning materials

In 2017 the CA framework was abandoned because most schools could not afford to secure the relevant teaching and learning materials to satisfy the expected evaluation standards. We implore the Ministry of education to educate us on how they intend to procure enough resources for our public schools.

If government fails to support our schools CA will only serve to entrench inequality. Marginalised groups of learners will be left behind, scuttling our efforts to pursue Sustainable Development Goal number 4.


Continuous Assessment is a progressive move but our education system is not ready to abruptly implement the policy. The government should suspend the implementation and invest in holistic teacher capacitation including salary review. Adequate teaching and learning materials should be secured for our public schools. CA should be introduced at the beginning of a learning course. Learners have lost learning time due to both COVID19 disruptions and teacher incapacitation, the hurried implementation of the CA framework is an unwelcome waste of both limited learning time and the little resources in our schools.

Source: ARTUZ

Share this update

Liked what you read?

We have a lot more where that came from!
Join 36,000 subscribers who stay ahead of the pack.

Related Updates

Related Posts:




Author Dropdown List




All the Old News

If you’re into looking backwards, visit our archive of over 25,000 different documents from 2000-2013.